Vanadium Oxide

Vanadium Oxide


CAS No. 1314-62-1 | Chemical Formula V2O5

Molecular Weight 181.88 EC No. 215-239-8 MDL No. MFCD00011457

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Description

Description

Vanadium(V) oxide (vanadia) is the inorganic compound that commonly known as vanadium pentoxide. From the industrial perspective, it is the most important compound of vanadium.

Chemical formula: V2O5

Molar mass: 181.8800 g/mol

Appearance: Yellow solid

Density: 3.357 g/cm3

Melting point: 690 °C (1.274 °F; 963 K)

Boiling point: 1.750 °C (3.180 °F; 2.020 K) (decomposes)

Solubility in water: 8.0 g/L (20 °C)

Magnetic susceptibility (χ):+128.0·10−6 cm3/mol

Specification

Specification

Test ItemTest Result %
V2O5>99.5
SiO20.03
S0.01
K2O0.002
Na20.004
As<0.001
MgO<0.005
Ni<0.001
Mo0.002
Fe2O30.002
Al2O30.004
CaO0.004
Application

Application

1. It is a widely used industrial catalyst

2.Used in the production of ferrovanadium

3.Use as a detector material in bolometers and microbolometer arrays for thermal imaging.

4.Used as an ethanol sensor in ppm levels (up to 0.1 ppm).

MSDS

MSDS

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to the UN GHS revision 8

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Nov 19, 2020

Revision Date: Nov 19, 2020

SECTION 1: Identification


1.1

GHS Product identifier

Product name

Vanadium Pentoxide


1.2

Other means of identification

Product number

Other names

vanadium dichloride;Divanadium pentaoxide Divanadium pentoxide Pentaoxodivanadium Vandia;Vanadium pentoxide


1.3

Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses

CBI,Intermediates,Oxidizing/reducing agents,Process regulators

Uses advised against

no data available


1.4

Supplier’s details

Company

Shanghai Greenearth Chemicals Co.,Ltd

Address

Building 2, No.5555, Shenzhuan Hwy, Shanghai , China

Telephone

+86-021-3776-2181

1.5Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number

+86-021-3776-2181

Service hours

Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

SECTION 2: Hazard identification


2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity – Category 4, Oral

Acute toxicity – Category 4, Inhalation

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Germ cell mutagenicity, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) – Category Chronic 2

Reproductive toxicity, Category 2


2.2

GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)

Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H332 Harmful if inhaled

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects

H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P203 Obtain, read and follow all safety instructions before use.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/hearing protection/…

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P301+P317 IF SWALLOWED: Get medical help.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P317 Get medical help.

P319 Get medical help if you feel unwell.

P318 IF exposed or concerned, get medical advice.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to an appropriate treatment and disposal facility in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and product characteristics at time of disposal.


2.3

Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients


3.1

Substances

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Vanadium PentoxideDivanadium pentaoxide1314-62-1215-239-8

SECTION 4: First-aid measures


4.1

Description of necessary first-aid measures

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.

Following skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

Following eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

Following ingestion

Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .


4.2

Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Probable oral lethal dose for humans is between 5 and 50 mg/kg or between 7 drops and 1 teaspoonful for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person. Toxicity is about the same magnitude as pentavalent arsenic. A person with chronic respiratory disease is at greater risk when exposed to this substance. (EPA, 1998)


4.3

Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR if necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on the left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. Poisons A and B

SECTION 5: Fire-fighting measures


5.1

Suitable extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.


5.2

Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Container may explode in heat of fire. When heated to decomposition, it emits acrid smoke and fumes of vanadium oxides. Material is not flammable but it may increase the intensity of the fire when in contact with combustible materials. Avoid chlorine trifluoride; lithium; peroxyformic acid; and calcium, sulfur, water complexes. Hazardous polymerization may not occur. (EPA, 1998)


5.3

Special protective actions for fire-fighters

In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures


6.1

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.


6.2

Environmental precautions

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.


6.3

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment, and emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided. Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage


7.1

Precautions for safe handling

Handling in a well ventilated place.
Wear suitable protective clothing.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Use non-sparking tools.
Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.


7.2

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from food and feedstuffs.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Storage class (TRGS 510): Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects.

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection


8.1

Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

TLV: (inhalable fraction): 0.05 mg/m3, as TWA; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans).MAK: carcinogen category: 2; germ cell mutagen group: 2

Biological limit values

no data available


8.2

Appropriate engineering controls

Ensure adequate ventilation.
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.
Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

8.3Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.

Skin protection

Protective gloves.

Respiratory protection

Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.

Thermal hazards

no data available

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties and safety characteristics

Physical state

Vanadium pentoxide is a yellow to red crystalline powder. Slightly soluble in water and denser than water. Contact may cause severe irritation to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption.

Colour

Yellow to rust-brown orthorhombic crystals

Odour

Odorless

Melting point/freezing point

690ºC

Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

1750ºC

Flammability

Noncombustible Solid

Lower and upper explosion limit/flammability limit

no data available

Flash point

1750ºC

Auto-ignition temperature

no data available

Decomposition temperature

1750°C

pH

pH = 2.7, saturated aqueous solution at 20 deg C

Kinematic viscosity

no data available

Solubility

less than 1 mg/mL at 68° F (NTP, 1992)

Partition coefficient n-octanol/water

no data available

Vapour pressure

Approximately 0 at 68F (EPA, 1998)

Density and/or relative density

3.35g/mLat 25°C(lit.)

Relative vapour density

no data available

Particle characteristics

no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity


10.1

Reactivity

Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes. Reacts with combustible substances.


10.2

Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.


10.3

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Not combustible but will increase the intensity of an existing fire. … Vanadium pentoxide itself does not burn, but dust may increase the intensity of fire when in contact with combustible materials.VANADIUM PENTOXIDE is acidic in many reactions. Hence, soluble in bases. [Kirk-Othmer]. Can react with ClF3, Li, peroxyformic acid and (Ca+S+H2O). Also reacts with strong acids. (NTP, 1992)


10.4

Conditions to avoid

no data available


10.5

Incompatible materials

Incompatible materials: Strong acids


10.6

Hazardous decomposition products

Decomposes at 1750 deg C

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 10 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat (albino) inhalation 70 mg/cu m/1 hr Vanadium pentoxide fume
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

A3; Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans. Vanadium pentoxide, as V, inhalable particulate matter

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

The aerosol is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause lung oedema, bronchitis and bronchospasm. The effects may be delayed.

STOT-repeated exposure

Repeated or prolonged inhalation of high concentrations of dust or fumes may cause effects on the lungs. The substance may cause a greenish-black discolouration of the tongue.

Aspiration hazard

Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

SECTION 12: Ecological information


12.1

Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Oncorhynchus mykiss (Rainbow trout) eyed eggs; Conditions: renewal; Concentration: 118 mg/L for 96 hr; effects on embryonic survival and hatching
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna /(Water flea)/; Concentration: 2.387 mg/L for 48 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available


12.2

Persistence and degradability

no data available


12.3

Bioaccumulative potential

no data available


12.4

Mobility in soil

no data available


12.5

Other adverse effects

no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations


13.1

Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to
a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs,
feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and
offered for recycling or reconditioning.
Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to
make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of
in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

SECTION 14: Transport information


14.1

UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2862 (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: UN2862 (For reference only, please check.)IATA: UN2862 (For reference only, please check.)


14.2

UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: VANADIUM PENTOXIDE, non-fused form (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: VANADIUM PENTOXIDE, non-fused form (For reference only, please check.)IATA: VANADIUM PENTOXIDE, non-fused form (For reference only, please check.)


14.3

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 6.1 (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: 6.1 (For reference only, please check.)IATA: 6.1 (For reference only, please check.)


14.4

Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: III (For reference only, please check.)IATA: III (For reference only, please check.)


14.5

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: YesIMDG: YesIATA: Yes


14.6

Special precautions for user

no data available


14.7

Transport in bulk according to IMO instruments

no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information


15.1

Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Vanadium PentoxideDivanadium pentaoxide1314-62-1215-239-8
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)Listed.
EC InventoryListed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) InventoryListed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances
(PICCS)
Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical InventoryListed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China
IECSC)
Listed.
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL)Listed.

SECTION 16: Other information

Information on revision

Creation DateNov 19, 2020
Revision DateNov 19, 2020

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS – The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
    http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB – Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal – The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
    http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG – Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
    http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
    http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA – European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Other Information

Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.

Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to [email protected]

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and
shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our
knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not
represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any
damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

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